Ceredigion Historical Society
Aberystwyth History its buildings and archaeology in the county of Ceredigion

10 Must Read Articles About Aberystwyth History, Port and Archaeology

Aberystwyth history, archaeology and antiquities, is a seaside and market town in Ceredigion, West Wales. Situated on the Cardigan Bay coastline, between Penparcau and Comins Coch.

What county is Aberystwyth in? Aberystwyth is a seaside town, community and electoral ward in Ceredigion, Wales.

What is the population of Aberystwyth? The population of Aberystwyth was 15,935 in 2001, reducing to 13,040 in the 2011 census.

How far is Aberystwyth from Aberaeron? The distance between Aberystwyth and Aberaeron by road is 16.3 miles.

  • Aberystwyth Castle - Discover the archaeology, antiquities and history of Ceredigion
  • Aberystwyth Harbour - Discover the archaeology, antiquities and history of Ceredigion
  • Aberystwyth Pendinas Hillfort - Discover the archaeology, antiquities and history of Ceredigion
  • Aberystwyth Town - Discover the archaeology, antiquities and history of Ceredigion
  • Pendinas Hillfort Aberystwyth - Discover the archaeology, antiquities and history of Ceredigion
  • Aberystwyth Castle and a selection of coins produced at the Royal Mint
  • Aberystwyth History its buildings and archaeology in the county of Ceredigion
  • Aberystwyth History, Constitution Hill and Victorian Seafront Ceredigion
  • Site plan Pendinas Aberystwyth
  • Find on Pendinas Aberystwyth

History of Aberystwyth
Find on Pendinas Aberystwyth
Find on Pendinas
Hillfort, Aberystwyth

Site plan Pendinas Aberystwyth
Historic site plan of
Pendinas Hillfort,
Aberystwyth

Since 1909 the Ceredigion Historical Society has published articles written about the archaeology, antiquities and history of Ceredigion, many of the articles are about Aberystwyth history.

The society has also produced three county volumes, under the name of the Cardiganshire County History series, these knowledgeable, learned, comprehensive and scholary publications record the history of prehistoric, early and modern Cardiganshire.

1. History

1.1. The Society’s Dinner at Aberystwyth

Transactions of the Cardiganshire Antiquarian Society, Volume: 1

1.2. The Royal Mint, Aberystwyth, 1915 – by the Rev. G. Eyre Evans

THE county mints of Charles I., and especially those in smaller towns are, says Henry Symonds, f.s.a., ” so veiled in obscurity

1.3. Famous Aberystwyth School

Transactions of the Cardiganshire Antiquarian Society, Vol 13

1.4. Some Aspects of the History of Aberystwyth-I – By W. J. Lewis – 284

Ceredigion – Journal of the Cardiganshire Antiquarian Society, 1959 Vol III No 4

1.5. Some Aspects of the History of Aberystwyth-II – By W. J. Lewis – 19

Ceredigion – Journal of the Cardiganshire Antiquarian Society, 1960 Vol IV No I

1.6. The Aberystwyth Town Walls – By D. B. Hague – 276

Ceredigion – Journal of the Cardiganshire Antiquarian Society, 1955 Vol II No 4

1.7. Aberystwyth Harbour Since 1925 – By T. H. Merchant – 283

Ceredigion – Journal of the Cardiganshire Antiquarian Society, 1962 Vol IV No 3

1.8. Hospital Services in Aberystwyth Before 1948 – By D. I. Evans – 168

Ceredigion – Journal of the Cardiganshire Antiquarian Society, 1965 Vol V No 2

1.9. Some recent archaeological discoveries in the Aberystwyth district – JEFFREY L. DAVIES – 1

Ceredigion Journal of the Ceredigion Antiquarian Society Vol XIII, No I 1997

1.10. The Building of Aberystwyth Promenade – MICHAEL FREEMAN – 73

Ceredigion – Journal of the Ceredigion Historical Society Vol XV, No 3, 2007

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Aberystwyth Castle and a selection of coins produced at the Royal Mint
Aberystwyth Castle and a selection of coins produced at the Royal Mint

2. Index

Index to Ceredigion Journal, Volumes I-X, 1950-84

  • Aberystwyth, iv: 119
    • abolition of borough seat, v:313
    • archaeology, vi:438
    • argraffu, viii:204
    • assembly rooms
      • see Assembly Rooms
    • baptists, vii:121-2
    • Bethel baptist chapel
      • and the census of religious worship, iv:116,124
      • gravestone of Ellis’s Eagle Foundry, viii:342
    • bibliography, iv:299-301
    • blacksmith, vi:100
    • board of guardians, ix:79,87-94
    • borough council, iv:280
    • borough election 1741, vi:128-9
    • bridge, iv:20; vii:165
    • calvinistic methodists, vii:121
    • castle, iii:51, 52-3, 114-17, 284, 285, 286, 297,324; v:160; vii:163
    • castle, near Llanfarian, i:40
      • see also Tan-y-castell, Aberystwyth
    • censuses, ix: 257-9
    • cerddoriaeth, vi:306
    • chamber of trade, v:318; ix:151
    • charters, iii:319
    • cliff railway
      • see Cliff railway
    • clybiau cyfeillgar, iii:25
    • commons, iv:20-l
    • compared with Lampeter in the 14c, iv:139,140
    • Co-operative society, ix:152,155
    • corn mills, vi:98
    • court leet, viii:103
    • craftsmen, vi:92
    • crynwyr, iv:112
    • customs house, iii:289-91, x:127,367
    • drama, vii:230,231
    • ducking stool, iii:294
    • education, ii:3-l 7,66-84
    • Education report, 1847, ii:72-3,138,147,152
    • eisteddfod genedlaethol (1865), v:361,371,376; vi:87
    • eisteddfod genedlaethol (1915), viii:34
    • elections(18c),v:402-03,405,406,407,408,412,415,417,418,420,421
    • electric power, viii:6
    • emigration
      • see Aberystwyth: ymfudo
    • fairs, x:37
      • early 20c, iv:219
      • hiring, ix:153
      • horse, v:129
      • mediaeval, iii:321-2,323
    • floods, vi:326
    • friendly societies
      • see Aberystwyth: clybiau cyfeillgar
    • fulling mill, vi:108
    • further education, ii:12-13
    • gaol
      • see Aberystwyth: house of correction
    • gas works, Mill Street, viii:342
    • geology, vi:324-31
    • grist mill, iii:294-5
    • guildhall, iii:298
    • harbour, iv:283-9; vi:325,326,328; x:367
    • herring boats, vi:202
    • herring fishing, iii:332; vi:121,122
    • holidays at, x:269-86
    • Holy Trinity church, ii:66
    • hospital services, v:168-208
    • house of correction, iii:293-4; vi:14,15,18,24; x:359
    • independent chapel (Eng.), v:28
    • independents, iv:121; vii:121
    • iforiaid: Ceredig, iii:28
    • ivorites
      • see Aberystwyth: iforiaid
    • labourers’ diet, 1837, x:42
    • lead smelting, iii:295-6
    • lighting, iv:33
    • limekilns, iii:295
    • Liverpool evacuees, x:166
    • London and Manchester House, x:26
    • maps, ii:263-5
    • markets, iii:288-9,296; ix:182-3; x:38,44
      • corn, iii:296; vii:238
      • pig, iii:296
        • see also Aberystwyth Corn and General Market Co.
    • May Queen Festival, x:164-5
    • militia, x:370
    • mill, iii:330
    • mint, i:185-6,188;iii:285
    • music
      • see Aberystwyth: cerddoriaeth
    • name, iii:284
    • national eisteddfod
      • see Aberystwyth : eisteddfod genedlaethol
    • paving, iv:33
    • pier, iii:289; x:360
    • Plascrug swimming pool, x:345
    • political nonconformity, growth of, iii:127-8
    • poor house, vi:16
    • poor law union, ix:78-101
    • population
      • 1841, ix:135-49
      • increase 1871-1921, v:318
      • increase 1911-21, v:331
      • trend 16c-18c, vii:259
    • port, iii:326; vi:328; x:408
    • printing
      • see Aberystwyth : argraffu
    • public library, iii:161-80
    • quakers
      • see Aberystwyth: crynwyr
    • quarry, iii:292
    • Queen Street Welsh church, iv:126,127
    • railway, vii:232,235
      • involvement of H. Houghton and the Duke of Newcastle, vii:223
      • station : floods, 1886, iv:372
    • riot, 1794-5, iv:267
    • Roman Catholic chapel, vii:231-2
    • rope making, iii:295
    • Royal Welsh Show, 1957, x:174,175-6
    • St. Mary’s church, ii:66; vi:329,415,416
      • consecrated by Bishop Connop Thirlwall, vii:147
    • St. Michael’s church, iv:24,32; x:4
      • and the census of religious worship,1851, iv:116,119,120
      • as chapel-of-ease to Llanbadarn, i:66
      • first, ii:66; vi:416
      • organ fund, 1892, viii:9
      • schoolhouse, vi:416
      • second, ii:66; vi:417-18; vii:99,114,117-28
      • third, ii:66; vi:419
      • vestry, vi:419
    • St. Paul’s Wesley Band of Hope, vii:240
    • sand bar, iii:289-91
    • savings bank, iv:19
    • school board, ii:3-17, iii:208,210,212,214
    • schools, ii:138,147,152
      • Alexandra Road Primary school, x:171
      • Ardwyn school, vii:356; viii:57; ix:199, 200; x:164,173
      • board school, ii:5-6,9-16; iv:358
      • British school, ii:74-5,139,151
      • British schoolroom, v:28
      • Caerleon House school for young ladies, ix:199-200
      • Calvinistic Methodist school
        • see Aberystwyth : schools: ysgol y Methodistiaid Calfinaidd
      • Church infant school, ii:140
      • Church schools
        • see Aberystwyth : schools: National schools
      • Commercial and grammar school, viii:59; ix:199
      • Dinas Secondary school, x:171,173,329
      • drawing school, ix:199
      • elementary school
        • see Aberystwyth : schools : ysgol elfennol
      • Girls’ Grammar school, x:167
      • grammar school, ii:68-9; ix:199
      • High school, ix:199
      • intermediate school, ii:16; viii:54,56,58,67
      • maritime education, vii:296
      • mathematical and commercial school,viii:52
        • see also Evans, John, Aberystwyth, schoolmaster
      • Miss Keeling’s school, ii:5
      • Mrs. Williams’s dame school, ii:151
      • Mrs. Woollatts’s school, ii:5
      • National schools, ii:4,5,70-82,143,150;iv:19,47; vi:49; vii:105
      • Old Bank school, viii:58
      • private schools, ii:94,150; viii:52
      • Sabbath schools, ii:141
      • Tanycae school, ii:5
      • Wesleyan school, ii:94,139,151,155; vi:78
      • ysgol elfennol, vi:58
      • ysgol y Methodistiaid Calfinaidd, vi:78
      • ysgoldy, ii:68-9,71; vi:49
    • sea cadet corps, iv:283
    • Seilo chapel, ii:93; vi:305
    • shipbuilding, iii:295
    • shire court, iii:285
    • stocks, iii:294
    • storms, iv:372; vi:329-30
    • Tabernacle, x:256
      • and the census of religious worship,iv:124,126
      • chapel choir, iii:342; vii:240; viii:5
      • decision to build Seilo, ii:93
      • rebuilding, iv:27
    • tannery, iii:296; vi:93
    • taxidermist, iv:240
    • Temperance Society, ii:92
    • Theatre, x:361
    • theatres, vii:231
    • town band, viii:3
    • town clock, iii:298; v:176
    • town commons, iii:297
    • town gates, iii:297
    • town hall
      • used as a theatre, vii:231
    • town walls, ii:276; iii:297; iv:19
    • trade, iii:288-9,323-5,326-7
    • turnpike road, x:127
    • Unitarians, vii:122
    • University College of Wales
      • see University College of Wales, Aberystwyth
    • vestry, vi: 9,10,11
    • visit of Asquith, v:332,334,336
    • visit of Mrs. Pankhurst, viii:ll
    • visitors, iv:31
    • water supply, iv:33
    • wesleyan methodists, iv:126; vii:122
    • windmill, iii:299
    • workhouse, v:170-2; viii:252-3,262,267,268,274
    • ymfudo, ii:l 67,227-9
  • Aberystwyth Amateur Band, ii:6
  • Aberystwyth and Cardigan Bay Steam Packet Co., ii:99
  • Aberystwyth and Cardiganshire General Hospital, v:182-3
  • Aberystwyth and District Swimming Club, x:345
  • Aberystwyth Archaeological Society, iii:97; v:434-8
  • Aberystwyth area
    • botanical records, i:80-4,87,93
  • Aberystwyth Auxiliary Bible Society, x:368
  • Aberystwyth Board of Guardians, x:37
  • Aberystwyth Church Rebuilding Fund, vi:416
  • Aberystwyth Corn and General Market Co., iii:165-6
  • Aberystwyth Cycling Club, v:202
  • Aberystwyth District Education Committee, ii:16
  • Aberystwyth District Visiting Society, v:175
  • Aberystwyth Football Club, vii:240
  • Aberystwyth Footpaths Association, viii:408
  • Aberystwyth Foundry, viii:330,336
  • Aberystwyth Guide, 1816, x:257,259,264,357,365,368
  • Aberystwyth Improvement Company, viii:408,409,410-12
  • Aberystwyth Infirmary, ix:144
  • Aberystwyth Infirmary and Cardiganshire General Hospital
    • Y Crynfryn 1838-88, v:173-7,199; vi:22
    • North Road 1888+, v:l 77-82,200-1
  • Aberystwyth Labour Party, ix:155
  • Aberystwyth Literary Institute, iii:165, 167,168,169,175
  • Aberystwyth Literary Society, vii:235
  • Aberystwyth Marine Pier Company, viii:409
  • Aberystwyth Observer, v:321,325
  • Aberystwyth Old Social Club, x:45
  • Aberystwyth Old Students’ Association, viii:ll
  • Aberystwyth Pier Company, viii:409,412
  • Aberystwyth Rural District Council, iv:280
  • Aberystwyth Savings Bank, x:45
  • Aberystwyth Select Vestry, vi:24
  • Aberystwyth Service Reservoir, viii:336
  • Aberystwyth Trades Council, ix:158
  • Aberystwyth Union, viii:246-9,251-4,259,263,265,266,267,271
  • Aberystwyth Women’s Liberal Association,v:326,328
  • Aberystwyth Working Men’s Institute, viii:10

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Site plan Pendinas Aberystwyth
Site plan Pendinas Aberystwyth

3. Illustrations

Index to Illustrations, Ceredigion Journal, Volumes I-X, 1950-84

  • Aberystwyth and Cardiganshire general hospital, facing v:169 pl.13
  • Aberystwyth and Cardiganshire general hospital: the President and the committee of management, 1948, facing v:192 pl.16
  • Aberystwyth and Cardiganshire general hospital staff, 1944, facing v:177 pl. 15
  • Aberystwyth by John Wood, 1834. Plan of, facing ix:135 fig.13
  • Aberystwyth circa 1748. Lewis Morris’s map of, facing iii:189 pl.13
  • Aberystwyth circa 1750, iii:290 fig 10
  • Aberystwyth circa 1797, facing iii:296 pl.4
  • Aberystwyth. Cliffs eroded in glacial deposits 3 miles S.W. of, facing i:162 pl.4
  • Aberystwyth enumeration districts, 1841-71, facing ix:134 fig.12
  • Aberystwyth from Craiglais, facing iv:21 pl.2
  • Aberystwyth grits exposed in the cliffs just north of Aberystwyth. Highly inclined, facing i:158 pl.2
  • Aberystwyth in Victorian times, facing x:277 pl. 15
  • Aberystwyth Infirmary and Cardiganshire general hospital built in 1888, facing v:169 pl. 12
  • Aberystwyth Infirmary and Cardiganshire general hospital…The hospital staff,1890,facing v:176 pl.
  • 14
  • Aberystwyth. Old St. Michael’s Church, facing vi:416 pl. 14
  • Aberystwyth. Plan of St. Michael’s Church, facing vii:122 fig.7

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4. Architecture

  • bridge, iv:20; vii:165
  • castle, iii:51, 52-3, 114-17, 284, 285, 286, 297,324; v:160; vii:163
  • castle, near Llanfarian, i:40
    • see also Tan-y-castell, Aberystwyth
  • cliff railwaysee Cliff railway
  • guildhall, iii:298
  • pier, iii:289; x:360
  • Plascrug swimming pool, x:345
  • public library, iii:161-80
  • town clock, iii:298; v:176

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5. Education

  • education, ii:3-l 7,66-84
  • Education report, 1847, ii:72-3,138,147,152
  • further education, ii:12-13
  • school board, ii:3-17, iii:208,210,212,214
  • schools, ii:138,147,152
    • Alexandra Road Primary school, x:171
    • Ardwyn school, vii:356; viii:57; ix:199, 200; x:164,173
    • board school, ii:5-6,9-16; iv:358
    • British school, ii:74-5,139,151
    • British schoolroom, v:28
    • Caerleon House school for young ladies, ix:199-200
    • Calvinistic Methodist school
      • see Aberystwyth : schools: ysgol y Methodistiaid Calfinaidd
    • Church infant school, ii:140
    • Church schoolssee Aberystwyth : schools: National schools
    • Commercial and grammar school, viii:59; ix:199
    • Dinas Secondary school, x:171,173,329
    • drawing school, ix:199
    • elementary school
      • see Aberystwyth : schools : ysgol elfennol
    • Girls’ Grammar school, x:167
    • grammar school, ii:68-9; ix:199
    • High school, ix:199
    • intermediate school, ii:16; viii:54,56,58,67
    • maritime education, vii:296
    • mathematical and commercial school,viii:52
      • see also Evans, John, Aberystwyth, schoolmaster
    • Miss Keeling’s school, ii:5
    • Mrs. Williams’s dame school, ii:151
    • Mrs. Woollatts’s school, ii:5
    • National schools, ii:4,5,70-82,143,150;iv:19,47; vi:49; vii:105
    • Old Bank school, viii:58
    • private schools, ii:94,150; viii:52
    • Sabbath schools, ii:141
    • Tanycae school, ii:5
    • Wesleyan school, ii:94,139,151,155; vi:78
    • ysgol elfennol, vi:58
    • ysgol y Methodistiaid Calfinaidd, vi:78
    • ysgoldy, ii:68-9,71; vi:49

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6. Fairs

  • fairs, x:37
    • early 20c, iv:219
    • hiring, ix:153
    • horse, v:129
    • mediaeval, iii:321-2,323

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7. Industry

  • blacksmith, vi:100
  • Co-operative society, ix:152,155
  • corn mills, vi:98
  • craftsmen, vi:92
  • electric power, viii:6
  • fulling mill, vi:108
  • gas works, Mill Street, viii:342
  • grist mill, iii:294-5
  • labourers’ diet, 1837, x:42
  • lead smelting, iii:295-6
  • lighting, iv:33
  • limekilns, iii:295
  • mill, iii:330
  • mint, i:185-6,188;iii:285
  • printing
    • see Aberystwyth : argraffu
  • quarry, iii:292
  • rope making, iii:295
  • savings bank, iv:19
  • shipbuilding, iii:295
  • tannery, iii:296; vi:93
  • taxidermist, iv:240
  • trade, iii:288-9,323-5,326-7
  • turnpike road, x:127
  • water supply, iv:33
  • windmill, iii:299
  • workhouse, v:170-2; viii:252-3,262,267,268,274

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8. Markets

  • markets, iii:288-9,296; ix:182-3; x:38,44
    • corn, iii:296; vii:238
    • pig, iii:296
      • see also Aberystwyth Corn and General Market Co.

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9. Administration

  • assembly rooms
    • see Assembly Rooms
  • board of guardians, ix:79,87-94
  • borough council, iv:280
  • borough election 1741, vi:128-9
  • chamber of trade, v:318; ix:151
  • court leet, viii:103
  • customs house, iii:289-91, x:127,367
  • elections(18c),v:402-03,405,406,407,408,412,415,417,418,420,421
  • shire court, iii:285
  • stocks, iii:294
  • town hall
    • used as a theatre, vii:231

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10. Health

  • hospital services, v:168-208

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11. Population

  • population
    • 1841, ix:135-49
    • increase 1871-1921, v:318
    • increase 1911-21, v:331
    • trend 16c-18c, vii:259

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12. Seafaring

  • harbour, iv:283-9; vi:325,326,328; x:367
  • herring boats, vi:202
  • herring fishing, iii:332; vi:121,122
  • port, iii:326; vi:328; x:408

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13. Railway

  • railway, vii:232,235
    • involvement of H. Houghton and the Duke of Newcastle, vii:223
    • station : floods, 1886, iv:372

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14. Religion

  • baptists, vii:121-2
  • Bethel baptist chapel
    • and the census of religious worship, iv:116,124
    • gravestone of Ellis’s Eagle Foundry, viii:342
  • calvinistic methodists, vii:121
  • Holy Trinity church, ii:66
  • independent chapel (Eng.), v:28
  • independents, iv:121; vii:121
  • political nonconformity, growth of, iii:127-8
  • quakers
    • see Aberystwyth: crynwyr
  • Queen Street Welsh church, iv:126,127
  • Roman Catholic chapel, vii:231-2
  • St. Mary’s church, ii:66; vi:329,415,416
    • consecrated by Bishop Connop Thirlwall, vii:147
  • St. Michael’s church, iv:24,32; x:4and the census of religious
    • worship,1851, iv:116,119,120
    • as chapel-of-ease to Llanbadarn, i:66
    • first, ii:66; vi:416
    • organ fund, 1892, viii:9
    • schoolhouse, vi:416
    • second, ii:66; vi:417-18; vii:99,114,117-28
    • third, ii:66; vi:419
    • vestry, vi:419
  • St. Paul’s Wesley Band of Hope, vii:240
  • Seilo chapel, ii:93; vi:305
  • Tabernacle, x:256
    • and the census of religious worship,iv:124,126
    • chapel choir, iii:342; vii:240; viii:5
    • decision to build Seilo, ii:93
    • rebuilding, iv:27
    • Unitarians, vii:122
    • vestry, vi: 9,10,11
    • wesleyan methodists, iv:126; vii:122

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15. University

  • University College of Wales
    • see University College of Wales, Aberystwyth

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16. Map

View Larger Map of Aberystwyth

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  • Coflein, discover the archaeology, historic buildings and monuments of Aberystwyth
  • Historic Place Names, learn about the field names and house names in the community of Aberystwyth
  • A Pint of History, read about the history of Ceredigion pub’s, inn’s and local taverns of Aberystwyth
  • People’s Collection Wales, share your stories, memories and photographs of Aberystwyth

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Some ideas to share your Stories below!

Have a memory and your not sure what to write? We have made it easy with some prompts and ideas, just think about this place and the importance its had in your life and ask yourself:

  • What are my personal memories of living here?
  • How has it developed and shops changed over the years?
  • Do you have a story about the beach, community, its people and history?
  • Tell us how it feels, seeing photographs and images of this place again?
  • Tell us your favourite memories about this place?

The aim of the Ceredigion Historical Society is to preserve, record and promote the study of the archaeology, antiquities and history of Ceredigion. That objective has remained the same since the foundation of the Society in 1909, though its name was changed from Ceredigion Antiquarian Society to the Ceredigion Historical Society in 2002.

See:
Index | Towns in Ceredigion | Villages in Ceredigion | Historic Sites in Ceredigion

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