Ceredigion Historical Society
Aberaeron Harbour Boats - Discover the archaeology, antiquities and history of Ceredigion

Aberaeron

Aberaeron history, archaeology and antiquities. Is a historic town in Ceredigion, West Wales. Situated on the Cardigan Bay coastline, between Aberarth and Ffos-y-ffin.

  • Aberaeron boats and harbour - Discover the archaeology, antiquities and history of Ceredigion
  • Aerial photo of Aberaeron Harbour - Discover the archaeology, antiquities and history of Ceredigion
  • Aberaeron Harbour at low tide - Discover the archaeology, antiquities and history of Ceredigion
  • Aberaeron Harbour Boats - Discover the archaeology, antiquities and history of Ceredigion
  • Aberaeron Pier - Discover the archaeology, antiquities and history of Ceredigion
  • Habour at Aberaeron boats at low tide - Discover the archaeology, antiquities and history of Ceredigion
  • Harbourmaster Hotel Aberaeron - Discover the archaeology, antiquities and history of Ceredigion

Aberaeron History Pictures
Vanished and Vanishing Cardiganshire - Bont Cottage Aberaeron
Bont Cottage Aberaeron

Aberaeron History and Harbour Ceredigion
Aberaeron habour

Since 1909 the Ceredigion Historical Society has published articles written about the archaeology, antiquities and history of Ceredigion, many of these articles printed within the Ceredigion Journal, are about the history of Aberaeron.

The society has also produced three county volumes, under the name of the Cardiganshire County History series, these knowledgeable, learned, comprehensive and scholary publications record the history of prehistoric, early and modern Cardiganshire.

1. History

1810
Rees, in his “Description of Cardiganshire,” in 1810, speaks of Aberayron as being “much frequented by small coasting vessels, which convey the corn, and other produce of the district to English markets. The harbour has lately been much improved by erecting of a pier, at the exspense of the Rev. Alban Thomas Jones Gwynne, of Tyglyn, who at his own charge obtained an Act of Parliament for this purpose. It has been of great use to the shipping, and there is a prospect of this becoming a considerable harbour. There has also been a market established here, which promises to be a great convenience to this part of the country. Near the town are some remains of an ancient fortress called Castell Cadwgan, thought to have been erected by King Cadwgan, about 1148.”

1876
The census return for co. Cardigan, just issued, gives the Aberayron Urban District (which by a Local Government Board Order, coming into operation on 20th. September, 1892, includes parts of the civil parishes of Henfynyw and Llanddewi Aberarth) an area of 387 staute acres, with 375 inhabited houses, in which live 1,331 persons.

Bont Cottage, Aberaeron

Transactions of the Cardiganshire Antiquarian Society, 1915, Vol 2, No 1

Aberaeron Landmarks – By Gwilym Jones – 53

Ceredigion – Journal of the Cardiganshire Antiquarian Society, 1950 Vol I No I

Aberaeron: The Community and Seafaring, 1800-1900 – By David Lewis Jones

Ceredigion – Journal of the Cardiganshire Antiquarian Society, 1969 Vol VI No 2

Notes on Aberaeron – By Gwilym M. Jones- p285

Ceredigion – Journal of the Cardiganshire Antiquarian Society, 1970 Vol VI No 3

The Architecture of Aberaeron – By J. E. Griffiths – p295

Ceredigion – Journal of the Cardiganshire Antiquarian Society, 1970 Vol VI No 3

The planning of Aberaeron – By Henry Phythian-Adams – p389

Ceredigion – Journal of the Cardiganshire Antiquarian Society, 1979 Vol VIII No 4

Aberaeron Before The Harbour Act of 1807 – By D. L. Jones – p363

Ceredigion – Journal of the Cardiganshire Antiquarian Society, 1983 Vol IX No 4

A Group of Burnt Mounds at Morfa Mawr, Aberaeron – By George Williams – p181

Ceredigion – Journal of the Cardiganshire Antiquarian Society, 1985 Vol X No 2

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Harbourmaster Hotel Aberaeron - Built for the Harbourmaster, with a tavern on the first floor. It became known as the Harbourmaster in the early 1960s.
Harbourmaster Hotel Aberaeron – Built for the Harbourmaster, with a tavern on the first floor. It became known as the Harbourmaster in the early 1960s.

2. Index

Index to Ceredigion Journal, Volumes I-X, 1950-84

  • Aberaeron, iv:119; ix:181,182,183
    • Aeron woollen mills, vi:lll,117
    • and the James family of Tyglyn Aeron iv, 196-7
    • architecture, vi:295-8
    • argraffu, viii:204
    • Bar, vi:203
    • bibliography, iv:299
    • blacksmiths, iv:224; vi:100
    • bridge, i:53-5; vi:292; ix:378-9
    • castle, iii:68
    • chapel-of-ease, iv:121
    • clwb cyfeillgar, iii:24comisiwn tir, iv:356,372
    • corn mill, vi:97
    • county hall, i:56; vi:288,290
    • court leet records, vi:286
    • craftsmen, vi:91
    • eisteddfod, 1864, v:364
    • emigration
      • see Aberaeron: ymfudo
    • exports, 18c, vi:202
    • fire brigade, ix:360
    • fishing fleet, i:58-9
    • friendly society
      • see Aberaeron : clwb cyfeillgar
    • harbour, vi:203-08,211; ix:377
    • Harbour Act, 1807, vi:201,203-05,207; vii:274
    • herring boats, vi:202
    • herring fishing, vi:121
    • herring trade, i:57-9
    • Holy Trinity Chapel, vi:292,293; viii:407; ix:168;x:86,88
    • hospital, vi:293
    • iforiaid, iii:28
    • imports, 17c, vi:201
    • ivorites
      • see Aberaeron: iforiaid
    • labourers’ diet,1837, x:42
    • limekilns, vi:203,209,289
    • map, ii:262
    • mill and forge, v:121
    • neuadd y dre, v:368
    • Peniel chapel, v:368; vi:293
    • Petty Sessions, vi:288
    • pier, i:61; v:367-8; vi:203-07
    • planning of, viii:404-07
    • poblogaeth, v:369
    • population
      • see Aberaeron: poblogaeth
    • port and harbour, i:57-62
    • public free library, vi:290
    • salt imports, vii:273
    • schools, i:62, x:369
      • British school, ii:155; iv:358,367,372
      • Commercial and Navigation school, vi:224
      • Girls’ school, ii:152
      • Grammar school, ix:199
      • Intermediate school, viii:53-60,62
      • National school, vi:293; x:94
      • National schoolhouse
        • see Aberaeron: schools: Ysgoldy
        • Cenedlaethol
      • secondary school
        • see Aberaeron: schools: ysgol uwchradd
      • Ysgol Glan y Môr, vi:288, 292
      • ysgol uwchradd, ix:181
      • Ysgoldy Cenedlaethol, v:369
    • shipbuilding, vi:217-22; viii:305
    • stocks, vi:290
    • streets
      • see Aberaeron: strydoedd
    • strydoedd, v:369
    • Tabernacl CM. chapel, iv:116; v:368; vi:293
    • trading records, vii:273
    • Trinity chapel, x:86
    • turnpike gate, ii:106; vi:28
    • warehouses, i:56
    • Wesleyan chapel, vii:293
    • woollen mills, vi:lll,117
    • workhouse, v:369; vi:293; viii:251-2,255,274
    • ymfudo, ii:167
      • see also Aberayron
  • Aberaeron and Bristol Navigation Company, vi:210
  • Aberaeron Benefit Society, vi:288
  • Aberaeron billhook, iv:213; vi:90,103
  • Aberaeron Club, ix:383-4; x:45
  • Aberaeron Ganol, i:56; vi:290; ix:382
  • Aberaeron Isaf (small holding), i:56
  • Aberaeron Isaf (straw thatched house), vi:289; ix:382
  • Aberaeron Monumental Works, viii:352
  • Aberaeron Mutual Protection Club, iv:169
  • Aberaeron Rural District Council, iv:280
  • Aberaeron shovel, v:121; vi:103
  • Aberaeron Steam Navigation Company
    • see Aberayron Steam Navigation Company
  • Aberaeron Steam Packet Company, vi:210, 212-14
  • Aberaeron Ucha, inn, tavern and brewery, ix:382
  • Aberaeron Uchaf, i:54,56-7; vi:289,290
  • Aberaeron Union, viii:246-9,251-2,263,274
  • Aberaeron Urban District Council, iv:280
  • Aberayron Deep Sea Fishing Company, vi:215, 218
  • Aberayron Mutual Ship Insurance Society Ltd., vi:228
  • Aberayron Steam Navigation Company, ii:99; vi:210-12

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Rev. Alban Thomas Jones Gwynne, of Ty-Glyn, who, in 1807, obtained an act of parliament, under the authority of which he built two piers at the mouth of the river Aeron, with convenient wharfs, cranes, and storehouses, at an expense of about £6000.
Rev. Alban Thomas Jones Gwynne, of Ty-Glyn, who, in 1807, obtained an act of parliament, under the authority of which he built two piers at the mouth of the river Aeron, with convenient wharfs, cranes, and storehouses, at an expense of about £6000.

3. Illustrations

Index to Illustrations, Ceredigion Journal, Volumes I-X, 1950-84

  • Aberaeron harbour in 1832, facing vi:216 pl.9
  • Aberaeron harbour in the 1890s, facing vi:217 pl.10
  • Aberaeron in the 1850s. Ship-building at, facing vi:232 pl.11
  • Aberaeron waterwheel, facing v:117 pl.7

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4. Education

  • schools, i:62, x:369
    • British school, ii:155; iv:358,367,372
    • Commercial and Navigation school, vi:224
    • Girls’ school, ii:152
    • Grammar school, ix:199
    • Intermediate school, viii:53-60,62
    • National school, vi:293; x:94
    • National schoolhouse
      • see Aberaeron: schools: Ysgoldy
      • Cenedlaethol
    • secondary school
      • see Aberaeron: schools: ysgol uwchradd
    • Ysgol Glan y Môr, vi:288, 292
    • ysgol uwchradd, ix:181
    • Ysgoldy Cenedlaethol, v:369

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5. Industry

  • Aeron woollen mills, vi:lll,117
  • blacksmiths, iv:224; vi:100
  • corn mill, vi:97
  • craftsmen, vi:91
  • imports, 17c, vi:201
  • labourers’ diet,1837, x:42
  • limekilns, vi:203,209,289
  • map, ii:262
  • mill and forge, v:121
  • salt imports, vii:273
  • trading records, vii:273
  • warehouses, i:56
  • woollen mills, vi:lll,117
  • workhouse, v:369; vi:293; viii:251-2,255,274
  • Aberaeron and Bristol Navigation Company, vi:210
  • Aberaeron Monumental Works, viii:352
  • Aberaeron Steam Navigation Company
    • see Aberayron Steam Navigation Company
  • Aberaeron Steam Packet Company, vi:210, 212-14
  • Aberayron Deep Sea Fishing Company, vi:215, 218
  • Aberayron Mutual Ship Insurance Society Ltd., vi:228
  • Aberayron Steam Navigation Company, ii:99; vi:210-12

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6. Administration

  • county hall, i:56; vi:288,290
    • neuadd y dre, v:368
  • court leet records, vi:286
  • Petty Sessions, vi:288
  • Aberaeron Urban District Council, iv:280

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7. Health

  • hospital, vi:293

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8. Seafaring

  • fishing fleet, i:58-9
  • harbour, vi:203-08,211; ix:377
  • Harbour Act, 1807, vi:201,203-05,207; vii:274
  • herring boats, vi:202
  • herring fishing, vi:121
  • herring trade, i:57-9
  • pier, i:61; v:367-8; vi:203-07
  • port and harbour, i:57-62
  • shipbuilding, vi:217-22; viii:305

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9. Religion

  • Peniel chapel, v:368; vi:293
  • Tabernacl CM. chapel, iv:116; v:368; vi:293
  • Trinity chapel, x:86
  • Wesleyan chapel, vii:293

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10. Map

View Larger Map of Aberaeron

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11. A Topographical Dictionary of Wales

Originally published by: Samuel Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of Wales (London, Fourth edition, 1849)

ABERAERON, or ABERAYRON (ABERAERON), a sea-port, and rising watering-place, partly in the parish of Hênvynyw, but principally in that of Llandewy-Aberarth, lower division of the hundred of Ilar, county of Cardigan, South Wales, 16 miles (S. W. by S.) from Aberystwith, and 23 (E. N. E.) from Cardigan; containing 534 inhabitants. The village is agreeably situated on the road from Cardigan to Aberystwith, at the lower extremity of the Vale of Aëron, the sides of which are in this part abrupt, and clothed with wood; and on the shore of Cardigan bay, at the influx of the river Aëron. This river here separates the parishes of Hênvynyw and Llandewy-Aberarth, and, with some springs in the neighbourhood, affords the inhabitants an ample supply of water; it is noted for trout and salmon, and there are several corn-mills on its banks. Aberaëron is indebted for its origin to the late Rev. Alban Thomas Jones Gwynne, of Ty-Glyn, who, in 1807, obtained an act of parliament, under the authority of which he built two piers at the mouth of the river Aëron, with convenient wharfs, cranes, and storehouses, at an expense of about £6000. The pier on the west was one hundred yards in length, and the other ninety, and both were built of stone; but, from the very exposed situation of the place, they were insufficient to afford adequate protection to vessels from the violence of north-westerly winds. To remove this inconvenience, it was necessary for the present proprietor, Colonel Gwynne, to extend the western pier about one hundred yards, inclining in a northern direction; which has been effected. The scenery of the Vale of Aëron is particularly beautiful, and, together with the marine atmosphere of the village, its retired situation, and improving condition, may render this, at no distant period, a place of very considerable resort during summer. Upwards of thirty new leases were granted some years ago, pursuant to which a number of houses have been built: a post-office, and an excellent posting-house and hotel, have also been established, the latter affording to families an equal degree of comfort and privacy to any inns in the principality. In 1835 an act was obtained for making and maintaining a road from New-Quay to this place.

The port is a member of that of Aberystwith, and is in a thriving state. There are from thirty to forty sloops belonging to it, of from seventeen to one hundred tons’ burthen, which are navigated by about 120 seamen: they are chiefly employed in the importation of coal and culm, and two of them trade regularly with Bristol. The principal articles of importation, in addition, are grocery and timber; and of exportation, butter and oats: there is also a lucrative herring fishery, in which about thirty boats, with seven men to each, are engaged. Near the entrance into the harbour is a bar, which is dry at low water. The merchants’ stores are open weekly, on Wednesday, for the reception of corn; and markets for provisions, &c., are now held every Wednesday and Saturday, under the auspices of Colonel Gwynne, proprietor of the manor: a fair for hiring servants takes place on Nov. 13th. All the quarter-sessions of the county are held here, and there are petty-sessions once a month, for the whole of the Aberaëron poor-law union: one of the county debt-courts established in 1847 is also fixed here, with jurisdiction over the union; and courts leet for the manor are held in May and October. There are places of worship for dissenters, and several schools. The poor-law union of which this place is the head, comprehends the fourteen parishes and townships of Ciliau-Aëron, Cydplwyv, Dihewyd, Hênvynyw, Kilkennin, Llanarth, Llanbadarn-Trêveglwys, Llandewy-Aberarth, Llandysilio-Gogo, Llanerchaeron, Llanina, Llanllwchairn, Llansantfraid with Llanon, and Llanvihangel-Ystrad. It is under the superintendence of sixteen guardians, and contains a population of upwards of 12,874.

Mynach-dy, the property and residence of Col. Gwynne, situated at a short distance from the village, is supposed, from its name, which signifies “monastery,” to have been anciently a small ecclesiastical establishment: in the grounds are some tumuli, called Hên Gastell, of obscure origin. On the sea-shore, near the village, is a circular encampment, designated Castell Cadwgan, and supposed to have been constructed by Cadwgan ab Bleddyn, about 1148.

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13. References

  • Samuel Lewis, ‘Abbey – Aberfraw’, in A Topographical Dictionary of Wales (London, 1849), pp. 1-12. British History Online [accessed 8 August 2019].

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The aim of the Ceredigion Historical Society is to preserve, record and promote the study of the archaeology, antiquities and history of Ceredigion. That objective has remained the same since the foundation of the Society in 1909, though its name was changed from Ceredigion Antiquarian Society to the Ceredigion Historical Society in 2002.

See:
Index | Towns in Ceredigion | Villages in Ceredigion | Historic Sites in Ceredigion

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