Penrhyncoch history archaeology and antiquities. Is a small village in Ceredigion, formerly Cardiganshire, West Wales. Situated between Bow Street and Bont-goch.
|Penrhyncoch History Pictures|
Site plan of Camp
half mile east of Penrhyncoch
Site plan of Camp near Darren
Since 1909 the Ceredigion Historical Society has published articles written about the archaeology, antiquities and history of Ceredigion, many of these articles printed within the Ceredigion Journal, are about the history of Penrhyncoch.
The society has also produced three county volumes, under the name of the Cardiganshire County History series, these knowledgeable, learned, comprehensive and scholary publications record the history of prehistoric, early and modern Cardiganshire.
The Hill upland area, located south of Penrhyn-coch.
The early history of this small area has not been researched, but by the 18th century the majority of it was under the control of the Gogerddan estate.
The regular enclosure pattern seen today appears to have developed in several different ways. An estate map of 1788 (NLW Scott Archer 20) shows part of the area to the south of Pen-y-berth under regular enclosures, much as today, but land to the north of Gellinebwen under intermixed, strip-like fields; the latter suggesting recent enclosure of a sub-divided field system.
Another estate map of 1788 (NLW R.M. 108) shows the area south of Cwm-bwa as unenclosed but marked out for division into large fields. A further, earlier map of 1787 (NLW R.M. C22), demonstrates that part of the hill to the south of Penrhyn-coch had been divided into regular-shaped fields. Mine workings are shown on some of the above maps. By the 1840s the whole area had taken on its present-day appearance, apart from a small liner settlement at Cefn Llwyd, which developed during the 19th century.
Description and essential historic landscape components
The western end of a rounded, east – west aligned ridge, ranging in height from 100m on its flanks to 180m at its eastern end. The ridge continues to climb to the east. The whole is given over to improved pasture, and is under a regular field system of small- to medium-sized fields. Field boundaries are of earth banks topped with hedges. Roadside hedges are in good condition and well maintained, elsewhere they are in fair condition, but beginning to become overgrown.
Settlement consists of a linear development at Cefn Llwyd. Older houses here are dispersed along one side of a lane and comprise small, stone built (mainly cement rendered) one, one-and-a-half and two storey late 19th century cottages. Most have strong vernacular traits, although several have been modernised and extended. Generally they do not have outbuildings, indicating a non-agricultural origin for them. They may be squatter settlements. Late 20th and early 21st century houses and bungalows have filled any gaps between older houses.
The only recorded archaeology in this area comprises a metal mine and associated leat.
This area is not particularly well defined. To the east higher formerly unenclosed land merges with this area. To the south and north lower lying and probably more ancient enclosed land forms no clear boundary with this area.
By Dyfed Archaeological Trust – Historic Landscape Characterisation of The Hill
View Larger Map of Penrhyncoch
Some ideas to share your Stories below!
Have a memory and your not sure what to write? We have made it easy with some prompts and ideas, just think about this place and the importance its had in your life and ask yourself:
- What are my personal memories of living here?
- How has it developed and shops changed over the years?
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The aim of the Ceredigion Historical Society is to preserve, record and promote the study of the archaeology, antiquities and history of Ceredigion. That objective has remained the same since the foundation of the Society in 1909, though its name was changed from Ceredigion Antiquarian Society to the Ceredigion Historical Society in 2002.
3. External links
- Coflein, discover the archaeology, historic buildings, monuments and history of Penrhyncoch, Ceredigion
- Historic Place Names, learn about the field names and house names in the community of Penrhyncoch
- A Pint of History, read about the history of Ceredigion pub’s, inn’s and local taverns of Penrhyncoch
- People’s Collection Wales, share your stories, memories and photographs of Penrhyncoch
LOCAL TRADITIONS, Etc.
“GOGERDDAN (NEAR ABERYSTWYTH).
The late John Jones, Bristol House, Talybont, informed me six years ago, that there is a tradition in the neighbourhood that Henry VII. called at Gogerddan when on his way through Cardiganshire to Bosworth Field. Henry had been entertained at Wern Newydd and Llwyn Dafydd in the south of the county. Gogerddan is the ancient residence of the genial baronet, Sir Edward Webley-Parry-Pryse.”
From ‘Folk-Lore of West and Mid-Wales’ by J. Ceredig Davies (1911).