|Cellan History Pictures|
Cardiganshire Fonts – Cellan
Since 1909 the Ceredigion Historical Society has published articles written about the archaeology, antiquities and history of Ceredigion, many of these articles printed within the Ceredigion Journal, are about the history of Cellan.
The society has also produced three county volumes, under the name of the Cardiganshire County History series, these knowledgeable, learned, comprehensive and scholary publications record the history of prehistoric, early and modern Cardiganshire.
Extract from ‘A Topographical Dictionary of Wales‘ by Samuel Lewis 1833
“CELLAN, a parish in the upper division of the hundred of MOYTHEN, county of CARDIGAN, SOUTH WALES 3 miles (E. N. E.) from Lampeter, containing 465 inhabitants. This parish is situated in a mountainous district, on the banks of the river Teivy. The living is a discharged rectory, in the archdeaconry of Cardigan, and diocese of St. David’s, rated in the king’s books at £5.7.8 1/2 endowed with £200 royal bounty, and in the patronage of the Bishop of St.David’s. The church, dedicated to All Saints, is an ancient edifice, consisting of a nave and chancel: it contains two piscinae, and the font is supported on a square pillar, on which is carved the face of a male saint. There are places of worship for Independents and Presbyterians. This parish is remarkable for the number of intrenchments, kistvaens, carneddau and monumental stones comprised within its limits. The Roman road leading from Loventium now Llanio, to the station at Llanvair ar y bryn in Carmarthenshire, has been traced through it, from the banks of the Teivy to the mountains which form the line of boundary between that county and Cardiganshire. On a circular tumulus, surrounded by a moat, there is a stone, thirty-three feet in diameter, called Llêch Cynon, the burial place of a person of that name, from whom a stream in the vicinity was called Frwd Cynon. On the mountain to the north of this river are two kistvaens, called Beddau, signifying graves and two others on the mountain to the south, one of which is called Bedd y Vorwyn, or the “Virgin’s Grave”: they are all oblong, and consist each of four stones, placed in the centre of a small barrow, or sepulchre of earth and stones. Of the carneddau the most conspicious are two very large ones on a lofty mountain near the road leading from Llanvair to Llanycrwys: there is also another, called Tair Carnau, all of them consisting of heaps of large stones, and supposed to be the graves of warriors. On the confines of the parish there is another stone, called Carreg tair croes, not sepulchral, but a boundary mark. There are also two very large stones on the mountain to the south of the river Frwd, which are supposed to have been placed there in commemoration of some great victory: one, called Byrvaen, fifteen feet in length, and four in width and thickness, now lies prostrate on the ground: but the other, called Hîr vaen Gwyddog, sixteen feet in height, is still standing. On another tumulus, surrounded by a moat, lies a very large stone, sixteen feet in length, called Maen y Prenvol, or Maen Prenvol Gwallt Gwyn and near it, on the same tumulus, stands another, about eight feet high. There are also three intrenchments in this parish; one on the top of a hill, beneath which flows the river Frwd, called Gaer Morrice; another on the farm called Glanfrwd, which is exactly oval; and the third, which is circular and of a large size, between that farm and the parish of Pencarreg. The Rev. Moses Williams, F.R.S., who distinguished himself, as a Welsh scholar and antiquary, by the share which he took in the publication of Dr. Wotton’s edition of the laws of Hywel Dda, was a native of this place: he also compiled a catalogue of books in the Bodleian Library at Oxford, and wrote his own biography, which is now deposited in manuscript in that library, and at his death bequeathed his books and manuscripts, which were of considerable value, to the Earl of Macclesfield. The average annual expenditure for the maintenance of the poor amounts to £124.19.”
4. External links
- Coflein, discover the archaeology, historic buildings, monuments and history of Cellan, Ceredigion
- Historic Place Names, learn about the field names and house names in the community of Cellan
- A Pint of History, read about the history of Ceredigion pub’s, inn’s and local taverns of Cellan
- People’s Collection Wales, share your stories, memories and photographs of Cellan
Some ideas to share your Stories below!
Have a memory and your not sure what to write? We have made it easy with some prompts and ideas, just think about this place and the importance its had in your life and ask yourself:
- What are my personal memories of living here?
- How has it developed and shops changed over the years?
- Do you have a story about the beach, community, its people and history?
- Tell us how it feels, seeing photographs and images of this place again?
- Tell us your favourite memories about this place?
The aim of the Ceredigion Historical Society is to preserve, record and promote the study of the archaeology, antiquities and history of Ceredigion. That objective has remained the same since the foundation of the Society in 1909, though its name was changed from Ceredigion Antiquarian Society to the Ceredigion Historical Society in 2002.